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Stephen Shea

Stephen Shea

Associate Professor

Ph.D., University of Chicago, 2004

sshea@cshl.edu | 516-367-8823

Shea Lab Website   Faculty Profile

When confronted with another individual, social animals use multiple sensory inputs ­ smells, sounds, sights, tastes, touches ­ to choose an appropriate behavioral response. My group studies how specific brain circuits support these natural communication behaviors and how disruptions in these circuits can lead to inappropriate use of social information, as in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Stephen Shea’s lab studies the neural circuitry underlying social communication and decisions. He uses natural social communication behavior in mice as a model to understand circuits and processes that are evolutionarily conserved and therefore shared broadly across species, likely contributing to disorders such as autism. Shea and colleagues have examined how emotion and arousal enable mice, via their olfactory systems, to store memories of other individuals and of related social signals. The team has exploited the intimate relationship between memory and emotion to effectively create memories in anesthetized mice, allowing them unprecedented access to neurobiological processes that typically only occur during behavior. The lab has been making a detailed analysis of the changes in neural connections that underlie odor memory. The team is particularly focused on an enigmatic cell type (granule cells or GCs) that has long been hypothesized to be crucial for memories, but has resisted direct study. They have developed methods for recording, giving them the first glimpse of the dynamics of these cells while the animal is learning an odor. The results show unexpectedly complex population dynamics among the GCs that were independently predicted by a model of odor learning developed in Alexei Koulakov’s lab. The two labs are collaborating to discern how GC population activity gets integrated by olfactory bulb output neurons and to pinpoint the synaptic circuit that underlies this form of learning. In parallel, another member of the lab is using imaging techniques to determine how memories are stored among broad neuronal ensembles, at a different level of the system. Recently, the lab made a key breakthrough, developing the ability to record from GCs in awake animals and discovering that their activity is dramatically modulated by state of consciousness. Finally, the Shea lab completed a series of studies of a different form of social recognition: auditory recognition of pup vocalizations by their mothers. Through this research, they have shown that a mouse model of Rett syndrome exhibits deficits in communication and learning not unlike those in human patients. Grants from the Simons and Whitehall Foundations are allowing the lab to extend this work by directly linking these deficits to the action of the gene MeCP2 in the auditory cortex.

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All Publications

Precise and pervasive phasic bursting in locus coeruleus during maternal behavior in mice

22 Feb 2022 | The Journal of Neuroscience
Dvorkin, Roman, Shea, Stephen

Multisensory integration of social signals by a pathway from the basal amygdala to the auditory cortex in maternal mice

17 Feb 2022 | bioRxiv
Nowlan, Alexandra, Kelahan, Clancy, Shea, Stephen

Neurotensin neurons in the central extended amygdala control energy balance

4 Aug 2021 | bioRxiv
Furlan, Alessandro, Corona, Alberto, Boyle, Sara, Sharma, Radhashree, Rubino, Rachel, Habel, Jill, Gablenz, Eva, Giovanniello, Jacqueline, Beyaz, Semir, Janowitz, Tobias, Shea, Stephen, Li, Bo

Precise and pervasive phasic bursting in locus coeruleus during maternal behavior

1 Apr 2021 | bioRxiv
Dvorkin, Roman, Shea, Stephen

Maternal experience-dependent cortical plasticity in mice is circuit- and stimulus-specific and requires MECP2

6 Jan 2020 | The Journal of Neuroscience | 40(7):1514-1526
Lau, B, Krishnan, K, Huang, Z, Shea, S

Maternal experience-dependent cortical plasticity in mice is circuit- and stimulus-specific and requires MECP2

30 May 2019 | BioRxiv
Lau, Billy, Krishnan, Keerthi, Huang, Josh, Shea, Stephen

Computational algorithms and neural circuitry for compressed sensing in the mammalian main olfactory bulb

5 Jun 2018 | BioRxiv
Kepple, Daniel, Cazakoff, Brittany, Demmer, Heike, Eckmeier, Dennis, Shea, Stephen, Koulakov, Alexei

MECP2 regulates cortical plasticity underlying a learned behaviour in adult female mice

18 Jan 2017 | Nature Communications | 8:14077
Krishnan, K, Lau, B, Ewall, G, Huang, Z, Shea, S

MECP2 regulates cortical plasticity underlying a learned behavior in adult female mice

28 Feb 2016 | BioRxiv
Krishnan, Keerthi, Lau, Billy, Ewall, Gabrielle, Huang, Josh, Shea, Stephen

Whole-Brain Mapping of Neuronal Activity in the Learned Helplessness Model of Depression

3 Feb 2016 | Frontiers in Neural Circuits | 10
Kim, Y, Perova, Z, Mirrione, M, Pradhan, K, Henn, F, Shea, S, Osten, P, Li, B

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